Friday, 19 October 2012

tcptraceroute on backtrack 5


TCPTRACEROUTE 
tcptraceroute on backtrack 5

DISCRIPTION

  • tcptraceroute is a traceroute implementation using TCP packets.
  • The more traditional traceroute sends out either UDP or ICMP ECHO packets with a TTL of one, and increments the TTL until the destination has been reached.
  •  By printing the gateways that generate ICMP time exceeded messages along the way, it is able to determine the path packets are taking to reach the destination.
  • The problem is that with the widespread use of firewalls on the modern Internet, many of the packets that traceroute sends out end up being filtered, making it impossible to completely trace the path to the destination.
  •  However, in many cases, these firewalls will permit inbound TCP packets to specific ports that hosts sitting behind the firewall are listening for connections on.
  •  By sending out TCP SYN packets instead of UDP or ICMP ECHO packets, tcptraceroute is able to bypass the most common firewall filters.

HOW TO OPEN TCPTRACEROUTE 
  • To open traceroute , follow the path :-
  • BackTrack > Information Gathering > Network Analysis > Route Analysis > tcptraceroute 
  • See the below image for more details -
tcptraceroute on backtrack 5


tcptraceroute on backtrack 5

Options

-h
         Display help 


-n
Display numeric output, rather than doing a reverse DNS lookup for each hop. By default, reverse lookups are never attempted on RFC1918 address space, regardless of the -n flag.



-N
Perform a reverse DNS lookup for each hop, including RFC1918 addresses.


-f
Set the initial TTL used in the first outgoing packet. The default is 1.



-m
Set the maximum TTL used in outgoing packets. The default is 30.



-p
Use the specified local TCP port in outgoing packets. The default is to obtain a free port from the kernel using bind(2) traditional traceroute, this number will not increase with each hop.


-s
Set the source address for outgoing packets. See also the -i flag.

-i
Use the specified interface for outgoing packets.
-q
Set the number of probes to be sent to each hop. The default is 3.


-w
Set the timeout, in seconds, to wait for a response for each probe. The default is 3.



-S
Set the TCP SYN flag in outgoing packets. This is the default, if neither -S or -A is specified.

-A
Set the TCP ACK flag in outgoing packets. By doing so, it is possible to trace through stateless firewalls which permit outgoing TCP connections.


-E
Send ECN SYN packets, as described in RFC2481.


There are others options also , try yourself and learn more about this tool . 
NEW EXAMPLE 




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