Friday, 6 July 2012

Nmap Scanning On Backtrack 5



NMAP | SCANNING
nmap
Introduction
  • Nmap ("Network Mapper") is an open source tool for network exploration and security auditing.
  •  It was designed to rapidly scan large networks, although it works fine against single hosts.
  •  Nmap uses raw IP packets in novel ways to determine what 
  1. hosts are available on the network,
  2.  what services (application name and version) those hosts are offering, 
  3. what operating systems (and OS versions) they are running, 
  4. what type of packet filters/firewalls are in use, and dozens of other characteristics. 
  • While Nmap is commonly used for security audits, 
  • Many systems and network administrators find it useful for routine tasks such as network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules, and monitoring host or service uptime.
HOW TO OPEN NMAP
  • BackTrack > Information Gathering > Network Analysis > Network Scanners > nmap
  • When you open nmap in backtrack 5r2 , it look like the below image - 
nmap
    USAGE
    Usage:nmap[Scan Type(s)][Options]{targetspecification}
    For Help :
    • For help you can use 2 commands - 
    • Command 1 : nmap -h
    • Command 2 : man nmap 
    HOST DISCOVERY SCANNING 
    EXAMPLE 1 : LIST SCAN 
    • -sL: List Scan - simply list targets to scan.
      
      
    • See the below example of list scan ( -sL )
    List Scanning
    EXAMPLE 2 : PING SCAN OR PING SWEEP SCAN
    • -sP: Ping Scan - go no further than determining if host is online .
    • See the below image for more help-
    PING SWEEP SCAN
    EXAMPLE 3 : -PN: 
    • Treat all hosts as online -- skip host discovery .
    • See the below image -
    EXAMPLE 4 : TCP PINGING
    • Using -PT flag , we perform Tcp Pinging Scan .
    • See the below image for more details -
    TCP PINGING SCAN
    SCANNING TECHNIQUES
    EXAMPLE 5 : tcp SYN Scan 
    • Using -sS flag in nmap we perform the SYN scan .
    • See the below image for help -
    TCP SYN SCAN
    EXAMPLE 7 : TCP Connect Scan
    • Using -sT flag , we will perform TCP Connect Scan .
    • See the below image for more details -
    TCP Connect Scan
    EXAMPLE 8 :TCP ACK SCAN
    • Using -sA flag ,we can perform  a Ack (Acknowledgement ) Scan.
    • See the below image for ACK Example -
    TCP ACK SCAN
    EXAMPLE 9 :TCP WINDOW SCAN
    • Using -sW flag , we can perform a Tcp Window Scan .
    • See the below image for more details - 
    TCP WINDOWS SCAN
    EXAMPLE 10 : TCP Maimon Scan
    • Using -sM flag , we will perform Maimon Scan in Backtrack 5 .
    • See the below image for more details - 
    maimon scan
    EXAMPLE 11 : Null Scan
    • Using -sN flag , we perform NULL Scan .
    • See the below image for NULL Scan example - 
    null scan
    EXAMPLE 12: FIN SCAN
    • Using -sF flag, we perform FIN( FINISH ) Scan . 
    • See the below image for more details - 
    fin scanning
    EXAMPLE 13 : XMAS SCAN
    • Using -sX flag , we perform XMAS Scan .
    • See the below image for more details -
    XMAS SCANNING
    EXAMPLE 14:UDP SCAN 
    • Using -sU flag , we perform UDP Scan .
    • See the below image for more details -
    udp scanning
    EXAMPLE 15 : 
    • Enable OS Detection , version detection , scriptdetection and traceroute .
    • Command used : nmap -A < Target ip addres >
    • Here we use -A flag .
    • See the below image for more details -
    
    
    
    
    Lots of other example will be updated soon . 
    Thanks for watching !
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    THIS TUTORIAL IS JUST FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE ONLY/- 

    1 comments:

    Anonymous said...

    very good man , you have as many tutorials like i have in video (140 tutorials congratz)

    the only thing that missing in this tuto its NSE script engine
    more example can bee foud here: http://nmap.org/nsedoc/index.html

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